Basics of Programming language : Where to start and why?

Basics of Programming language : Where to start and why?

Aug 24, 2021

Are you a programmer? Or looking forward to being one! Then this blog will guide you through the world of programming languages and what languages you can use in this current tech era. 

Software engineering has always been one of the most popular streams in the field of technology. Programmers are changing the world for good. And how are they doing it? Simply evolving software that eases the lives of every individual. So where to start? What language should you go for in 2021? 

The best programming languages to learn in 2021 are likely the same ones that were best to learn in 2016 and 2017. And that will continue to be true for the next coming years. But we need to figure out why we need to learn programming languages and what we can do with them. 

Before getting straight into programming languages, let’s try to figure out the purpose and the kind of developer you want to be. In the list below, we mentioned the best and most demanding programming languages in the user basis category.

  • Back-end web development 
  • JavaScript
  • Scala
  • Python
  • Go
  • Ruby
  • Front-end web development
  • JavaScript
  • Elm
  • TypeScript
  • Mobile development
  • Swift
  • Java
  • Objective C
  • JavaScript
  • Game development
  • Unity
  • TypeScript
  • Desktop applications 
  • Scala
  • Go
  • Python
  • System programming
  • Go
  • Rust

Well, there are so many languages to choose from. Now that you have some idea of how these languages are categorized, let’s get straight into the programming languages we will be discussing today. 

  • JavaScript

The journey of JavaScript Started in 1995 by Brendan Eich who created JavaScript in just 10 days. From there, it undergoes multiple revisions, Drafts, framework, APIs, modules, etc.

If you have any idea of what software development is and how this field works, then you must have heard about JavaScript in some way or the other. In a Developer Survey done by Stack Overflow in 2020, JavaScript regained its position of being the most popular language among developers for 8 years consecutively. 

Along with other front-end web development languages such as HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the essential languages. 

Some most popular websites that rely on JavaScript to create interactive & dynamic web pages across the globe: 

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Gmail
  • Youtube

JavaScript is used as a Front-end language, but it can also be used on the server-side through Node.js. Node.js is used to build scalable network applications and is compatible with Linux, SunOS, Mac OS X, and of course Windows. 

Being one of the friendliest programming languages for beginners, because it is forgiving, flexible syntax and it works across all major browsers. 

  • Python 

Whether you’re a developer with a little knowledge of back-end programming or are just now dripping your toes in this water, Python can be the right choice for you. 

One of the most user-friendly programming languages in history, Python is considered one of the most popular programming languages. 

Its syntax is clean and intuitive. Its English-like structure makes it easier to understand and create. This easy-to-grasp language is versatile enough for you to do many interesting things with it. 

The open-source Django framework is one of the popular and easy to learn back-end programming written in Python. 

Django has been used in the development of some popular websites such as:

  • Mozilla
  • Instagram 
  • Spotify
  • Swift 

Want to start as a mobile app developer or you are an Apple fan? Well, Swift is a good place to start with. Apple announced Swift back in 2014 as a programming language used to develop iOS And macOS applications. 

Being a tech industry leader, Apple is going nowhere in the coming decades. Thus, Swift can be considered as one of the most profitable app development programming languages. It is highly optimized for performance and built from the ground to match the standards of modern-day development. 

  • Go

It is a low-level language but is one of the core languages favored by google. It is ideal for engineers to enter the field of systems programming. With similar functionality as C and C++ without the difficult syntax and steep learning curve, Go is also very easy to learn. One of the most suitable languages for building web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning packages.

Being a compiled language, Go runs “close to the metal,” allowing a crazily fast runtime. Go is an open-source language, and developers who are ambitious can see their personal contributions adopted and appreciated by programmers worldwide.

  • Scala 

Let me introduce you to the modern cousin of Java, Scala. With a modern twist, Scala combines the best features of Java and makes it more efficient and reliable. 

Being a functional programming language, it allows software engineers to enhance the quality of their code to resemble pure math. It allows parallel execution of concurrent programming and allows complex procedures. Scala is a strongly typed language. Engineers can easily create and customize their own data types, allowing them to have a solution on bugs and runtimes. 

  • C Language

C language is one of the most basic and low-level programming languages. It is one of the most suitable languages to start with as it helps you get the idea of what coding looks like in the easiest way possible. 

Denis Ritchie created C language in the early 1970s, at Bell Laboratories. In modern-day programming, the C language is losing touch due to its limited capabilities. But it’s still one of the used and considerable programming languages due to its closeness to the hardware, great portability, and deterministic usage. 


Deciding what programming language is best suitable for you by considering all the interests and job opportunities available, is the first step towards being a programmer. 

In this fast-moving tech-oriented world, the idea of learning will remain the same as being consistent with it and spending more time to gain perfection. 

There are plenty of options available in the field of programming and some of them are mentioned above. Choose the one who excites you the most and goes on with your point of interest.

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